Essay about Perception in Organizational Actions

Perception in Organizational Behavior

Perception can be defined as a process with which individuals select, organize and interpret their particular sensory impressions, so as to give meaning to their environment. Belief is a complex cognitive process and differs from person to person. Peoples' behavior is affected by their perception of fact, rather than the real reality.

Compared to sensation, perception is a much broader concept. Sensation requires simply acquiring stimuli through sensory bodily organs, whereas the process of perception consists of receiving uncooked data through the senses after which filtering, adjusting or changing the data completely through the process of cognition. The processes of belief consist of several subprocesses just like confrontation, subscription, interpretation and feedback.

Though people are continuously subjected to numerous stimuli, they tend to choose only a few of them. The theory of perceptual selectivity attempts to explain just how, and for what reason people select only a few stimuli out of the various stimuli they keep encountering at the same time. Perceptual selectivity is troubled by various interior set elements and external attention factors. Some of the inner set factors are learning, motivation and personality. External attention factors include environmental influences like intensity, size, contrast, repeating, motion, uniqueness and understanding.

At times, different people may see the same thing differently. Differences may arise due to factors linked to the perceiver (attitudes, motives, targets, etc . ) or the scenario (time, place, etc . ) or the target (novelty, qualifications, sounds, size, etc . ). Perceptual organization focuses on the subsequent activities inside the perceptual method after the details from the scenario is received.

The various principles of perceptual organization incorporate figure-ground, perceptual grouping, perceptual constancy, perceptual context and perceptual defense. The principle of figure-ground states that...